LWP::MediaTypes - guess media type for a file or a URL


LWP::MediaTypes - guess media type for a file or a URL


 use LWP::MediaTypes qw(guess_media_type);
 $type = guess_media_type("/tmp/foo.gif");


This module provides functions for handling media (also known as MIME) types and encodings. The mapping from file extentions to media types is defined by the media.types file. If the ~/.media.types file exists it is used instead. For backwards compatability we will also look for ~/.mime.types.

The following functions are exported by default:

guess_media_type($filename_or_url, [$header_to_modify])
This function tries to guess media type and encoding for a file or url. It returns the content-type, which is a string like "text/html". In array context it also returns any content-encodings applied (in the order used to encode the file). You can pass a URI object reference, instead of the file name.

If the type can not be deduced from looking at the file name, then guess_media_type() will let the -T Perl operator take a look. If this works (and -T returns a TRUE value) then we return text/plain as the type, otherwise we return application/octet-stream as the type.

The optional second argument should be a reference to a HTTP::Headers object or any object that implements the $obj->header method in a similar way. When it is present the values of the 'Content-Type' and 'Content-Encoding' will be set for this header.

This function will return all suffixes that can be used to denote the specified media type(s). Wildcard types can be used. In a scalar context it will return the first suffix found.


  @suffixes = media_suffix('image/*', 'audio/basic');
  $suffix = media_suffix('text/html');

The following functions are only exported by explict request:

add_type($type, @exts)
Associate a list of file extensions with the given media type.


    add_type("x-world/x-vrml" => qw(wrl vrml));

add_encoding($type, @ext)
Associate a list of file extensions with an encoding type.


 add_encoding("x-gzip" => "gz");

Parse media types files and add the type mappings found there.




Copyright 1995-1999 Gisle Aas.

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

 LWP::MediaTypes - guess media type for a file or a URL